Origin of Gotras

As per the vedic literature, there were 8 Rishis (Great Saints) who came to earth and formed the Gotras. They were Bhardwaj, Vishwamitra, Gautam, Jamdagni, Atri, Vashisht, Kashyap and Augustya.

If we look at the history, Gotras were formed based on place of birth, dynasty, business, profession or named by monks.

Origin of Gotra in Oswals

Acharya Sri Ratna Prabh Suri in the year Veer Sanvat 70 converted Raja Utpaldev of Upkeshpur Pattan (presently known as Osiya) and his entire kingdom into Jains. According to "Jain Jati Mahodaya" Acharya Sriji named 18 Gotras as follows probably based on their original Gotra or business or status.

  1. Tater
  2. Bafna
  3. Karnavat
  4. Balaha
  5. Morakh
  6. Kulahat
  7. Virhat
  8. Shrishrimal
  9. Shreshthi
  10. Sancheti
  11. AdityaNag
  12. Bhuri
  13. Bhadra
  14. Chinchat
  15. Kumat
  16. Didu
  17. Kannojia
  18. Lagushreshti

All above were Mahajans in Osiya. In VS 222 a big Mahajan community gathered in Khandela near Jaipur. At that time all Mahajans of Osiya were named as Oswal and all above Gotra became part of Oswal.

According to Yati Rupchandji "Jain Sampradaya Shiksha" the total Gotras of Oswals were 440 and according to Yati Ramlalji "Mahajan Vansh Muktavali" it was 609. According to myth one Bhat had made a list of 1444 Gotra but it is not available. We have published list of above 2700 gotras and origin of more than 800 gotra.

According to Sri Muni Gyan Sunderji 458 Gotras were made from 18 Gotras.

List of First 18 Gotras and Sub-Gotras

  1. TATER:- Tater, Tondiani, Chomola, Kosia, Dhavda, Chainavat, Talobda, Narvra, Saghvi, Dungaria, Chaudhari, Ravat, Malavat, Surti, Jorvela, Panchayat, Vinayaka, Sadherao, Nagda, Paka, Harsot, Kelani (22 sub-gotras).
  2. BAFNA:- Bafna (Bahufana), Nahata, Bhopala, Bhutia, Bhabhu, Navsara, Gugalia, Dagrecha, Chamakia, Chaudhari, Jangda, Kotecha, Bala, Dhaturia, Lihuvana, Kura, Betala, Salagna, Buchani, Savalia, Tosaria, Gandhi, Kothari, Khokhra, Patwa, Daftari, Godawat, Kucheria, Balia, Sanghvi, Sonawat, Selot, Bhavda, Lagu-Nahata, PanchavAYa, Humia, Tatia, Taga, Lagu-Chamakia, Bohara, Mithadia, Maru, Randhira, Brahmecha, Patalia, Banuda, Takalia, Godha, Garola, Dudhia, Badola, Suktia (52 sub-gotras).
  3. KARNAVAT:- Karnavat, Bagadia, Sanghvi, Ransot, Aachha, Dadalia, Huna, Kakecha, Thambhora, Gundecha, Jijot, Labhani. Sankhla, Bhinmala (14 sub-gotras).
  4. BALAHA:- Balaha, Ranka, Banka, Seth, Sethia, Chhavat, Chaudhari, Lala, Bohara, Bhuteda, Kothari, Raka, Depara, Nera, Sukhia, Patot, Pepsara, Dharia, Jadia, Salipura, Chitora, Haka, Sanghvi, Kagda, Kushlot, Falodia,(26 sub-gotras).
  5. MORAKH:- Morakh, Pokarna, Sanghvi, Tejara, Lagu-Pokarna, Bandolia, Chunga, Lagu-Chunga, Gaja-Chaudhari, Goriwal, Kedara, Batokada, Karchu, Kolog, Shigala, Kothari (16 sub-gotras ).
  6. KULAHAT:- Kulahat, Surva, Susani, Pukara, Masania, Khodia, Sanghvi, Lagu-Sukha, Borad, Chaudhari, Surania, Sakhecha, Katara, Hakada, Jalori, Manni, Palakhia, Khumana (18 sub-gotras).
  7. VIRHAT:- Virhat, Bhurat, Tuhada, Oswala, Lagu-Bhurat, Gaga, Nopta, Sanghvi, Nibolia, Hansa, Dharia, Rajsara, Motia, Chaudhari, Punamia, Sara, Ujot (17 sub-gotras).
  8. SHRISHRIMAL:- Shrishrimal, Srimal, Sanghvi, Lagu-Sanghvi, Niladia, Kotadia, Zabani, Naharlani, Kesaria, Soni, Khopar, Khajanchi, Danesra, Udhawat, Atkalia, Dhakadia, Bhinmala, Devad, Madalia, Koti, Chandalecha, Sanchora, Karva (23 sub-gotras).
  9. SHRESHTHI:- Shreshthi, Singhavat, Bhalla, Rawat, Baid-Mutha, Patwa, Sevadia, Chaudhari, Thanavat, Chittora, Jagawat, Kothari, Bothani, Sanghvi, Popawat, Thakurot, Bakheta, Bijot, Devrajot, Gundia, Balota, Nagori, Sekhani, Lakhani, Bhura, Gandhi, Medatia, Randhira, Palawat, Shurma, (30 sub-gotras).
  10. SANCHETI:- Sancheti, Suchinti, Dheladia, Dhamani, Motia, Bimba, Malot, Lalot, Chaudhari, Palani, Lagu-Sancheti, Mantri, Hukamia, Kajara, Hipa, Gandhi, Begania, Kothari, Malkha, Chhachha, Chittoria, Israni, Soni, Marua, Gharghanta, Udecha, Lagu-Chaudhari, Chosaria, Bapawat, Sanghvi, Murgipal, Kilola, Lalot, Khar-Bhandari, Bhojawat, Kati, Jata, Tejani, Sahajani, Sena, Mandirwala, Maltia, Bhopawat, Gunia, (44 sub-gotras).
  11. AADITYANAG:- Adityanag, Choradia, From choradia A Sodhani, Sanghvi, Udak, Gasania, Miniyar , Kothari, Nabaria, Saraf, Kamani, Dudhoni, Sipani, Aasani, Sahlot, Lagu-Sodhani, Dedani, Rampuria, Dhanani, Molani, Devsayani, Nani, Shravani, Bakad, Makkad, Bhakkad, Layunkad, Sansara, Kobera, Bhatarakia, Pitalia, Falodia, Bohara, Chaudhari, Parakh, From Parakha Bhavsara, Lagu-Parakh, Sanghvi, Dheladia, Jasani, Malhani, Trandak, Tajani, Rupawat, Chaudhari, Nagori, Patania, Chhadot, Mammaiya, Bohara, Khajanchi, Soni, Hadera, Daftari, Tolawat, Rao-Johari, Galani, Golechha, From Golechha A Daultani, Sangani, Sanghvi, Napada, Kajani, Hulla, Mehajawat, Nagada, Chitoda, Chaudhari, Datara, Minagra, Shravansukha(Shamsukha), From Shravansukha A Minara, Lola, Bijani, Kesaria, Bala, Kothari, Nandecha, Bhatnera-Chaudhari, From Bhatnera Chaudhary A Kumpawat, Bhandari, Jimania, Chedavat, Sambharia, Kanuga, Gadhaiya, From Gadhaiya A Gehlot, Lunawat, Ranshobha, Balot, Singhvi, Nopta, Buchha, Sonara, Bhandalia, Karmot, Dalia, Ratanpura (98 sub-gotras).
  12. BHURI:- Bhuri, Bhatevra, Udak, Singhi, Chaudhari, Hirania, Machha, Bokadia, Balota, Bosudia, Pitalia, Sinhavat, Jalot, Dosakha, Ladva, Haldiya, Nachani, Murda, Kothari, Patolia, (20 sub-gotras).
  13. BHADRA:- Bhadra (Bhardwaz), Samdaria, Hingad, Jogad, Ginga, Khapatia, Chavhera, Balada, Namani, Bhamrani, Dheladia, Sangi, Sadavat, Bhandavat, Chatur, Kothari, Lagu-Samdaria, Lagu-Hingad, Sandha, Chaudhari, Bhati, Surpuria, Patania, Nanecha, Gogad, Kuldhara, Ramani, Nathavat, Fulgara, (29 sub-gotras ).
  14. CHINCHAT:- Chinchat, Desarda (Deshlahara), Sanghvi, Thakura, Goslani, Khinvasra, Lagu-Chinchat, Pachora, Purvia, Nasaniya, Naupola, Kothari, Tarawal, Ladsakha, Shah, Aaktara, Posalia, Pujara, Banavat, (19 sub-gotras).
  15. KUMAT:- Kumat(Kumbhat), Kajalia, Dhanantari, Suga, Jagavat, Sanghvi, Pungalia, Kathoria, Kapurit, Samaria, Chaukha, Sonigara, Lahora, Lakhani, Makhani, Marvani, Morchia, Chhalia, Malot, Nagori, Lagu-Kumat, (21 sub-gotras).
  16. DIDU:- Didu, Rajot, Soslani, Dhapa, Dhirat, Khandia, Yodhha, Bhatia, Bhandari, Samdaria, Sindhuda, Lalan, Kochar, Darva, Bhimavat, Palania, Sikharia, Banka, barbara, gadalia, kanunga (21 sub-gotra).
  17. KANNOJIA:- Kannojia, Badbhata, Rakawal, Tolia, Chhachhalia, Ghevaria, Gunglecha, Karva, Gadwani, Karelia, Rada, Mitha, Bhopawat, Jalora, Jamgota, Patwa, Musalia, (17 sub-gotras).
  18. LAGU-SHRESHTHI:- Lagu-Shreshthi, Vardhman, Bhomalia, Lunecha, Bohara, Patwa, Singhi, Chittora, Khajanchi, Punot, Godhara, Hada, Kuwalia, Lunna, Nateria, Gorecha, (16 sub-gotras).
In these 18 main gotras there are total 503 sub-gotras. The magazine 'Bandhu-Sanesh' printed this list in 1990.

CLASSIFICATION OF GOTRAS

Classification of Gotras are as per following logic:-

  1. As per ORIGINAL CAST
  2. As per ACHARYAS
  3. As per GACHHA
  4. As per FIRST ANCESTOR
  5. As per PLACE
  6. As Per BUSINESS, PROFESSION JOB, SERVICE
  1. As per ORIGINAL CASTS:-
  2. As per ACHARYAS:-
    Shri RATNAPRABH SURI:- First 18 Gotras and their sub-gotras.
    Shri VARDHAMAN SURI:- Pipara, Kamani
    Shri JINESHWAR SURI:- Shripati, Dhadha, Tilora, Chil-Bhansali, Bhansali
    Shri JINCHANDRA SURI:- Shrimal,
    Shri ABHEY DEO SURI:- Khetsi, Pagaria, Medatwal
    Shri JINVALLABH SURI:- Kankaria, Chopra, Gandhar-Chopra, Kukad-Chopra, Vader, Sand, Singhi, Banthia, Lalwani, Barmecha, Shah, Solanki, Ghemawat, Otavat
    Shri JINDUTT SURI:- Patwa, Tatia, Borad, Khimasra, Samdaria, Katotia, Kataria, Ratanpura, Lalwani, Daga, Malu, Bhabhu,Sethi, Sethia, Ranka, Dhoka, Rakhecha, Sanklecha, Pungalia, Choradia, Soni, Lunia, Nabaria, Pitalia, Bothra, Aiyaria, Lunawat, Bafna, Bhansali, Chandalia, Abeda, Khatol, Bhadgatya, Pokarna,
    Shri MANIDHARI JINCHANDRA SURI:- Aagharia, Chhajed, Minni, Khajanchi, Mungadi, Shrimal, Salecha, Gang, Dugar, Shekhani,Alawat,
    Shri JINKUSHAL SURI:- Babel, Jadia, Daga,
    Shri JINCHANDRA SURI:- Pahalia, Pincha,
    Shri JINHANSH SURI:- Galda,
    Shri JINPRABH SURI:- Lagu-Khandelwal, Didu
    Shri Jinbhadrasuri:- Zabak
    Shri Tarunprabh Suri:- Bhutaria
    Shri Aryara Rakshat Suri:- Mahipal, Mithodia, Vader
    Shri Shanti Suri:- Gugalia, Gulundia
    Shri KUSHAL SURI:- Daga,
    Shri MANDEO SURI:- Nahar,
    Shri UDHYOTAN SURI:- Baradia, Darda, Baldota-Singhvi,
    Shri YASHOBHADRA SURI:- Bhandari, Shisodiya
    Shri SHIVSEN SURI:- Mohnot,
    Shri DHANESHWAR SURI:- Lunkad, Daddha, Tilora
    Shri Dharmaghosh Suri:- Dadiyalecha, Devananda-sakha
    Shri Namdeo Suri:- Nahar
    Shri ChandraPrabh Suri:- Patavat
    Shri Bhavdeo Suri:- Pamecha
    Shri Kanak Suri:- Bolia
    Shri Boppbhatt Suri:- Kosthagar
    Shri Mahatma Posalia:- Kochar
    Shri JaiSingh Suri:- Gala, Chhajol, Dedhiya, Nagda, Padiya, Peladia, Rathod, Lalan
    Shri Ratnaprabh Suri:- Gudka
    Shri Yashodeo Suri:- Vangni
    Shri Vimal Chandra Suri:- Banda-Mehta
    Shri RAVIPRABH SURI:- Lodha
    Shri DEOGUPTA SURI:- Lunawat
    Shri HEM SURI:- Surana
  3. As per GACHHA:-
    UPKESH GACHHA:- First 18 gotras mentioned above
    KHARTTAR GACHHA:- Kataria, Kankaria, Karnia,Kathotia, Khajanchi, Minni, Khimasra, Gadwani, Bhadgatia, Gelda, Gang, Gothi, Chopra,Gundhar, Kumkum, Choradia, Chhajed, Zabak, Daga, Doshi, Pithalia, Dugar,Dhadia, Tatia, Pagaria, Pokarna, Pipada, Babel, Borad, Bafna, Bothra, Mukim, Bhabhu, Bhansali, Malu, , Rakhecha,Pungalia, Lalwani, Banthia, Barmecha, Ranka, Runwal, Lodha, Lunia, Ayiaria, Lunawat, Kanstia, Mamiya, Salecha, Dhadha, Tilora , Singhi, Aabeda, Kamani, etc.,
    SANDER GACHH:- Bhandari,
    TAPPA GACHHA:- Mohnot, Kochar etc.,
    KORANT GACHHA:- Sanklecha,
    Anchal Gachha:- Gala, Gudka, Chhajol, Dedhiya, Nagda, Mahipal, Mithodia
  4. As per FIRST ANCESTOR:-
    PersonGotra
    LalsinghLunia
    LunaLunawat
    HarakhchandHarkhawat
    DoongarsiDoongrani
    MallMallawat
    DasuDassanni
    KhetaKhetani
    AspalAssani
    MahaldeoMalu
    BohithBothra
    BachhajiBachhawat
    DungaDaga
    GongaGang
    DudhedaDudheria
    BrahmdeoBrhmecha
    GadaShahGadhaiya
    LalsinghLalwani
    PildaPithalia
    BhardwajBhadra
    DaulatsinghDaultani
    RoopsinghRoopani
    TejsinghTejani
    MahaldeoMahlani
    JasaJasani
  5. As per PLACE:-
    PlaceGotra
    BhandsalBhansali
    KhivsarKhinvsara
    PiparPipada
    NagourNagori
    MedtaMedatwal/Medatia
    PungalPungalia
    KankrotKankaria
    SankhwalSankhlecha
    RoonRoonwal
    ZabuaZabak
    HalaHalakhandi
    JalorJalori
    KhatuKhatol
    MandorMandora
    SirohiSirohia
    SanchorSanchora
    KucheraKucheria
    ChitorChitora
    FalodiFalodia
  6. As per BUSINESS, PROFESSION, JOB, SERVICE ETC:-
    Business / ProfessionGotra
    Tel(oil)Tilora
    GheeGhiya
    GugalGugalia
    JewelleryJohari
    BohariBohara
    ChaudhrahatChaudhari
    TreasurarKhajanchi
    KotharKothari
    HakumatHakim
    BhandarBhandari
    AccountsMehta
    Shah, Seth, Sethia Vaidhya, Parakh, Singhvi
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